Abdala vaccine is a Covid-19 vaccine manufactured by Cuba and used for the national vaccination strategy.
1. What is Abdala Covid-19 Vaccine?
Abdala is a vaccine (vaccine) against Covid-19, developed by Cuba’s Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.
This vaccine is manufactured by AICA Laboraries, Base Business Unit (BBU) AICA – Cuba, and the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB) – Cuba sells semi-finished products and conducts secondary packaging.
This vaccine is administered intramuscularly. Each vial of Abdala vaccine corresponds to 10 doses, each dose has a capacity of 0.5ml.
2. How effective is the Abdala vaccine?
Currently, many countries around the world, including Mexico and Argentina, have said they are very interested and want to buy a vaccine produced by Cuba. In particular, the first country to introduce the Covid-19 Abdala vaccine into the mass vaccination program was Venezuela. At the same time, the country also announced that it will produce its own Abdala vaccine.
Cuban officials have confirmed that in the final phase of clinical trials, the Abdala vaccine has been effective in preventing Covid-19 disease up to 92%.
Regarding this vaccine, the president of BioCubaFarma, the state pharmaceutical corporation responsible for developing the vaccine Eduaro Martinez, said that in this country thousands of people have been vaccinated with this vaccine. Efficacy showed that they all had a “strong immune response” and had no side effects.
Officials from the Ministry of Health of this country also said that Cuban vaccines are both easy to store and cheap. Although it is still quite early to confirm the effectiveness and optimality of this vaccine, now thanks to it, we have more hope of escaping the pandemic.
3. Mechanism of action of the Abdala vaccine
In Cuba, Covid-19 vaccines are all protein vaccines, that is, they produce neutralizing antibodies that block the binding of the SAR-CoV-2 virus by carrying part of the mutated protein that the virus has already acquired. used to bind to human cells.
BioCubaFarma pharmaceutical scientist Idania Caballero points out that Cuban-made vaccines work against infectious diseases. This vaccine is prepared based on Cuba’s long experience in medical science.
Cuba’s Covid-19 Abdala vaccine requires 3 doses, but is still cheaper than the other because they are stable at 2-8 degrees Celsius, so there is no cost for refrigeration equipment.
In many developing or undeveloped countries, unable to buy vaccines from the US and other Western countries, they are now turning to Cuban vaccines. Officials in this country said that some countries have proposed to buy more than 100 million doses of the Covid-19 vaccine produced by Cuba each year.
At the same time, Cuba also said that the export and development of vaccines is not only to protect public health, but this is a way for Cuba to show its strength in the field of biotechnology, and also to contribute of the sector into the economy.
Cuba has had a number of medical breakthroughs, such as being the inventor of a vaccine for meningitis B, and also the only country to come up with an effective treatment for severe ulcers in the country. people with diabetes.
To date, the Cuban medical community has produced 13 different drugs to treat the symptoms of Covid-19 and is also an exporter of dengue vaccine to more than 30 different countries around the world.
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